Liver Specialist Leamington - The liver is a body organ that is required to be able to do various functions in the body, comprising protein synthesis, detoxification, and the production of biochemicals which are essential for digestion. The liver is needed for the body to survive. Liver dialysis may be used for short term but there is no way to function without a liver for long term.
The jobs which the liver carries out, comprises glycogen storage, plasma protein synthesis, the decomposition of red blood cells, detoxification and hormone production. The liver sits below the diaphragm within the abdominal-pelvic area of the tummy. The liver is responsible for bile production. This is an alkaline compound that emulsifies lipids to help in digestion. The tissues that make the liver are highly specialized. They regulate a large amount of high volume biochemical reactions, like for instance the breakdown and synthesis of complex and small molecules.
The liver is an incredible organ in the way that it is the only internal human organ which is capable of generating naturally. It only takes as little as 25 percent of a liver to regenerate into a whole liver. This is considered to be compensatory growth rather than true regeneration. Therefore, the liver's lobes that are taken out do not re-grow, and the growth of the liver is a restoration of function and not original form. In true regeneration, both the original form and function are restored.
Diseases of the Liver
Since the liver supports just about every organ in the body and is essential to its survival, the liver is prone to various illnesses, specially because of its multidimensional functions and its strategic location. Some of the most common liver sicknesses comprise: cirrhosis, alcohol damage, fatty liver, hepatitis, A, B, C and E, tumours and cancer and damage as a result of heavy use of drugs, especially cancer medications and acetaminophen, also called paracetamol.
Lots of sicknesses of the liver are accompanied by jaundice as the increased levels of bilirubin in the body will normally result from the breaking up of the haemoglobin of dead red blood cells. Usually, the liver gets rid of bilirubin from the blood and excretes it through bile. Sicknesses that affect liver function will cause derangement of these processes. Fortunately, the liver has a huge reserve capability and also a large ability to regenerate. Normally, the liver only shows symptoms after extensive damage has taken place.
The classic symptoms of liver damage consists of: dark urine when bilirubin mixes along with the urine, and pale stool when there is an absence of brown pigment stercobilin. The pigment also comes from bilirubin metabolites which are processes in the liver. Jaundice is the yellow tinge on the skin or the white of the eyes that takes place where bilirubin deposits on the skin. This leads to an intense itching sensation that is the most common patient complaint with people suffering liver failure.
Excessive fatigue takes place as a result of a generalized loss of nutrients, vitamins and minerals. Swelling in the abdomen, ankles and feet occurs because the liver fails to make albumin. Easy bleeding and bruising are other indications. Substances that help to prevent bleeding are produced within the liver, hence, when liver damage is present, severe bleeding can result since these substances are no longer available.
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