Leamington Health Clinics - Osteoarthritis is a degenerative joint disease often referred to as degenerative arthritis. This group of sicknesses consists of certain mechanical abnormalities that involve the degradation of joints; like the sub-chondral bone and articular cartilage. Symptoms of OA can normally consist of: locking, stiffness, tenderness, joint pain and sometimes an effusion.
There different causes for Osteoarthritis. Like for instance metabolic, mechanical, hereditary or developmental reasons may start processes responsible to loss of cartilage. Bone may become exposed or damaged when bone surfaces become less well protected by cartilage. This can result in a lot of pain and less movement, ligaments can become more lax and regional muscles might atrophy.
There are various treatments existing which combine a combination of lifestyle modification, analgesics and exercise. Joint replacement surgery can be an alternative for people who find debilitating pain. OA is the most common type of arthritis. It affects around 8 million within the United Kingdom and around 27 million individuals within the United States. Now, it is the leading cause of chronic disability of the United States also.
Signs and Symptoms
With Osteoarthritis, the main symptom is pain which can lead to loss of ability and extreme pain. The pain is generally described as a sensation of burning or by sharp aches within the muscles and tendons. Crepitus is the word for a crackling noise when the joint which is affected is moved or touched. People may likewise experience contractions in the tendons and muscle spasm. At times, the joints might likewise be filled with fluid. Cold weather conditions and humidity increases the pain in many people. Bouchard's nodes and Heberden's nodes may likewise form in this illness.
OA usually affects the spine, hands, knees, hips and feet however, whichever joint can be affected. As Osteoarthritis progresses, the affected joints become stiff and painful and appear larger. The affected joints could feel worse with excessive or prolonged use, yet normally feel better with gentle use. These characteristics distinguish rheumatoid arthritis from OA.
The condition called Herberden's nodes, manifest as bony enlargements that take place within the smaller joints like within the fingers. Bouchard's nodes can also occur on the proximal interphalangeal joints. Even if these nodes can significantly limit the movement of the fingers, they are not necessarily painful. When Osteoarthritis forms within the toes, the formation of bunions can take place, rendering them swollen and red.
OA is the most frequent reason for joint effusion, that is usually referred to as "water on the knee," in lay terms to describe an accumulation of excess fluid in or around the knee joint.
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